What is Green Tea And Why Is it ?

Health Benefits of Green Tea 

The Secret Life of Green Teaxdgdsg

“All green tea comes from the Camellia sinensis plant, but the final aromas and tastes differ depending on where the leaves are grown and how they’re produced,” says Mary Lou Heiss, coauthor of The Tea Enthusiast’s Handbook: A Guide to the World’s Best Teas.

More surprising? In Asia, green tea is a common recipe ingredient, which is a great—and sneaky!—way to incorporate this nutritional powerhouse into your diet. Here’s a quick primer on six different varieties, plus ideas for how to cook with each.


Green tea doesn’t oxidize (which is how black and oolong teas are made), so it contains more health-boosting antioxidants called catechins—especially the cancer fighter epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG). (Source: Lisa Boalt Richardson, author of Tea with a Twist: Entertaining & Cooking with Tea)

Green tea has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries to treat everything from headaches to depression.

The leaves are supposedly richer in antioxidants than other types of tea because of the way they are processed.

Green tea contains B vitamins, folate (naturally occurring folic acid), manganese, potassium, magnesium, caffeine and other antioxidants, notably catechins.

All types of tea – green, black and oolong – are produced from the Camellia sinensis plant using different methods. Fresh leaves from the plant are steamed to produce green tea, while the leaves of black tea and oolong involve fermentation.

Green tea is alleged to boost weight loss, reduce cholesterol, combat cardiovascular disease, and prevent cancer and Alzheimer’s disease.

It is loaded with antioxidants and nutrients that have powerful effects on the body. This includes improved brain function, fat loss, a lower risk of cancer and many other incredible benefits. Here are 10 health benefits of green tea that have been confirmed in human research studies.

Green tea, native to China and India, has been consumed and hailed for its health benefits for centuries globally, but has only recently gained popularity in the US.

Tea is considered the most consumed beverage in the world behind water, however 78% of the tea consumed worldwide is black and only about 20% is green.1

All types of tea except herbal tea are brewed from the dried leaves of theCamellia sinensis bush. The level of oxidation of the leaves determines the type of tea.

Green tea is made from un-oxidized leaves and is one of the less processed types of tea (with white tea the least) and therefore contains one of the most antioxidants and beneficial polyphenols.

Green tea was used in traditional Chinese and Indian medicine to control bleeding and heal wounds, aid digestion, improve heart and mental health and regulate body temperature.4 Recent studies have shown green tea can potentially have positive effects on everything from weight loss to liver disorders to type 2 diabetes.

Nutritional breakdown of green tea

Unsweetened brewed green tea is a zero calorie beverage. The caffeine contained in a cup of tea can vary according to length of infusing time and the amount of tea infused.

Green tea is becoming increasingly popular in the US.

In general, green tea contains a relatively small amount of caffeine (approximately 20-45 milligrams per 8 oz cup), compared with black tea which contains about 50 milligrams and coffee with 95 milligrams per cup.2

Green tea is considered one of the world’s healthiest drinksand contains one of the highest amount of antioxidants of any tea. Researchers commonly speak highly of green tea – Christopher Ochner, PhD, a research scientist in nutrition at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital, is quoted by health website WebMD as saying, “it’s the healthiest thing I can think of to drink.”

The natural chemicals called polyphenols in tea are what are thought to provide its anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic effects.

Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is the most studied and bioactive polyphenol in tea and has been shown to be the most effective at eliminating free radicals.1, 4

Green tea is approximately 20% to 45% polyphenols by weight, of which 60% to 80% are catechins such as EGCG.1 These catechins are antioxidants that are said to possibly help with fighting and preventing cell damage.

Posted in Diseases, Health, News | 1 Comment

Jarrow Formulas Milk Thistle Standardized Silymarin Extract 30:1 Ratio, 150 mg per Capsule, 200 Gelatin Capsules

Jarrow Formulas Milk Thistle Standardized Silymarin Extract 30:1 Ratio, 150 mg per Capsule, 200 Gelatin Capsules

Jarrow Formulas Milk Thistle Standardized Silymarin Extract 30:1 Ratio, 150 mg per Capsule, 200 Gelatin Capsules

Product Description

Jarrow Formulas Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum) 30:1 concentrate is standardized to contain 80% total Milk Thistle seed flavonoids, including the important Silymarin fractions isosilybinins A and B, silybinins A and B, silychristin and silydianin.This particular group of flavonoids, collectively known as Silymarin, supports liver function by raising protective glutathione levels.
  • A highly concentrated, effective extract of milk thistle
  • Supplies a Standardized 30:1 Extract Yielding 80% total flavonoids
  • Boosts Immune Response in Clinical Trials
  • Demonstrates Liver-Protecting Benefits in Human Studies
  • Possesses Antioxidant and Free Radical Scavenging Activity
An Ancient Herb

The Greek herbalist Dioscorides catalogued milk thistle in his list of healing plants for liver conditions, improving bile flow and stimulating digestion.* The Roman author Pliny was of a similar opinion. Indeed, milk thistle (Silybum marianum) extracts have been used as traditional herbal remedies for almost 2000 years and milk thistle is now extensively cultivated as a healing herb. This is especially true in Germany, where milk thistle is quite popular. Despite its distinctive prickly leaves and milky sap, milk thistle is sometimes confused with a different plant known as blessed or holy thistle (Cnicus benedictus).

Today, milk thistle extracts are among the most popular and the best researched of all herbs. Yet, this herb had largely become forgotten by the mid-20th Century. It was barely mentioned in the United States Dispensatory of 1947, and the most common folk use outside of Central Europe was to improve lactation.

Modern research has focused on bile production and liver function. German scientists have produced an extract called silymarin, which has a variety of liver-protectant properties.* The active principles normally constitute only 1-4 percent of the total plant, so it is necessary to concentrate the extract extensively to provide benefits. Jarrow Formulas Milk Thistle provides just such a potent concentrate.

Special Antioxidant Benefits

Silymarin refers to three active flavonoid components of milk thistle: primarily silybin with smaller amounts of silydianin and silychristin. This trio neutralizes toxins and improves liver function.* Its action rests primarily upon the ability to inhibit production and activity of hepatotoxic (liver toxic) compounds.* More recent evidence indicates that it benefits the health of several other organs as well.*

The liver is the primary organ for detoxification. Many toxins are either free radicals, or encourage free radical production and may subsequently interfere with the liver’s defenses against free radicals. As a potent antioxidant, silymarin intervenes in free radical generation and protects against many reactive oxygen species.* In some measurement systems, silymarin is ten times more effective than vitamin E in preventing unwanted oxidation. The extract also increases the liver’s content of the antioxidant enzyme glutathione (GSH) by ~35 percent, and increases the levels of the body’s major antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase (SOD).* Silymarin also modulates the actions of lipoxygenase in the liver.* Lipoxygenase acts upon polyunsaturated fatty acids to produce pro-inflammatory compounds called leukotrienes, which cause damage to liver cell membranes.

Silymarin is active against all of these assaults upon liver cell integrity and function. It therefore has direct and indirect antioxidant benefits by elevating the body’s own defenses. Research has shown that milk thistle extracts also significantly enhance cellular immune biomarkers.*

Supporting Liver Regeneration, Bile Solubility

The liver is capable of extensive self-regeneration, but silymarin can even markedly increase this ability to replace damaged cells.* There is also some suggestion that silymarin stimulates protein synthesis in the liver.* Nevertheless, silymarin does not encourage malignant liver cell growth.* Growing evidence suggests that silymarin has protective properties to the kidneys that mirror those in the liver.*

Classically, milk thistle is associated with improved digestion and bile production.* These are important functions of the liver and their impairment can lead to undesirable outcomes in the body. Clinical trials have supported this traditional employment of the herb. The extract can increase bile solubility and possibly help guard against stone formation.*


Silymarin exhibits poor solubility in water. Delivery in the form of teas provides less than 10 percent of total activity. Older studies demonstrating silymarin as a bile flow-inducer used alcoholic tinctures rather than the water-based preparations commonly sold today.

Only 20-50 percent of silymarin is assimilated from the gastrointestinal tract at any given time. Thus, an effective milk thistle supplement needs to be highly concentrated, like Jarrow Formulas Milk Thistle, to provide a physiologically significant amount. According to the German monograph covering milk thistle, 12-15 grams of the crude herbal extract provides 200-400 mg silymarin. This is equivalent to the amount delivered by only 3 capsules of Jarrow Formulas Milk Thistle.

About Jarrow Formulas

Jarrow Formulas’ complete line of over 350 nutritional products includes vitamins, minerals, probiotics, standardized herbal concentrates, amino acids, enzymes and enteral nutrition products. Customers can be assured of purity, value and potency when choosing these products.

What’s in the Box

Jarrow Formulas Milk Thistle, 150mg, 200 Capsules.

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Respiratory tract infections

Respiratory tract infection

Respiratory tract infection refers to any of a number of infectious diseases involving the respiratory tract. An infection of this type is normally further classified as an upper respiratory tract infection (URI or URTI) or a lower respiratory tract infection (LRI or LRTI). Lower respiratory infections, such aspneumonia, tend to be far more serious conditions than upper respiratory infections, such as the common cold.

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Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are any infection of the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs.

They’re usually caused by viruses, but they can also be caused by bacteria.

Respiratory tract infections are believed to be one of the main reasons why people visit their GP or pharmacist. The most widespread respiratory tract infection is the common cold.

Health professionals generally make a distinction between:

  • infections of the upper respiratory tract, which affect the nose, sinuses and throat
  • infections of the lower respiratory tract, which affect the airways and lungs

Children tend to get more upper RTIs than adults because they have not yet built up immunity (resistance) to the many viruses that can cause these infections.

This page:

  • explains how RTIs spread
  • links to detailed information on the common upper and lower RTIs
  • provides advice on caring for your symptoms at home and when you should see your GP

How respiratory infections spread

RTIs can spread in several ways. If you have an infection such as a cold, tiny droplets of fluid containing the cold virus are launched into the air whenever you sneeze or cough. If these are breathed in by someone else, they may also become infected.

Infections can also be spread through indirect contact. For example, if you have a cold and you touch your nose or eyes before touching an object or surface, the virus may be passed to someone else when they touch that object or surface.

The best way to prevent the spread of infection is to practice good hygiene, such as regularly washing your hands with soap and warm water.

Read more about preventing germs from spreading.

Upper respiratory tract infections

Common upper respiratory tract infections include:

  • the common cold  
  • tonsillitis (infection of the tonsils and tissues at the back of the throat)
  • sinusitis (infection of the sinuses)
  • laryngitis (infection of the larynx, or voice box) 
  • flu

A cough is the most common symptom of an upper RTI. Other symptoms include headaches, a stuffy or runny nose, a sore throat, sneezing and muscle aches.

Lower respiratory tract infections 

Common lower RTIs include:

  • flu (this can affect either the upper or lower respiratory tract)
  • bronchitis (infection of the airways)
  • pneumonia (infection of the lungs)
  • bronchiolitis (an infection of the small airways that affects babies and children younger than two)
  • tuberculosis (persistent bacterial infection of the lungs)

The main symptom of a lower RTI is also a cough, although it is usually more severe and you may bring up phlegm and mucus. Other possible symptoms are a tight feeling in your chest, increased rate of breathing, breathlessness and wheezing.

Caring for your symptoms at home

Most RTIs will pass without the need for treatment and you usually won’t need to see your GP. You can treat your symptoms at home by taking over-the-counter painkillers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen, drinking plenty of fluids and resting.

Antibiotics are not recommended for most RTIs because they are only effective if the infection is caused by bacteria.

The symptoms of an upper RTI usually pass within one to two weeks.

When you should see your GP

It’s recommended you visit your GP if:

  • you are feeling very unwell
  • your symptoms suggest that you may havepneumonia, for example if you are coughing up bloody mucus and phlegm
  • you have a pre-existing heart, lung, liver or kidney condition
  • you have a condition that affects your nervous system, such as multiple sclerosis
  • you have cystic fibrosis
  • you have a weakened immune system
  • you have a chronic lung condition, such aschronic obstructive pulmonary disease orasthma

It’s also recommended you visit your GP if you are 65 or over and have at least two of the factors listed below, or you are 80 or over and have one of the factors listed below:

  • you have been admitted to hospital at some point during the past year
  • you have diabetes
  • you have a history of heart failure
  • you are taking a type of steroid medication called glucocorticoid


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 To Know the details information about Respiratory Tract Information 

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JOBS and Pharma Jobs Bangladesh

Pharma Jobs and BD Jobs Bangladesh

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Cephalosporin and Generation of Cephalosporin

Generation of Cephalosporin and Cephalosporins


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Cephalosporin are a class of β-lactam antibiotics originally derived from the fungus Acremonium, which was previously known as “Cephalosporium.

Indication of cephalosporin:

Cephalosporins are indicated for the prophylaxis and treatment of infections caused by bacteria susceptible to this particular form of antibiotic. First-generation cephalosporins are active predominantly against Gram-positive bacteria, and successive generations have increased activity against Gram-negative bacteria.

Adverse reaction of Cephalosporin:

Common adverse drug reactions (≥ 1% of patients) associated with the cephalosporin therapy include: diarrhea, nausea, rash, electrolyte disturbances, and/or pain and inflammation at injection site. Infrequent ADRs (0.1–1% of patients) include vomiting, headache, dizziness, oral and vaginal candidiasis, pseudomembranous colitis, superinfection, eosinophilia, nephrotoxicity, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia and/or fever.

Mechanism of action

cephalosporin structure

cephalosporin structure

Cephalosporins are bactericidal and have the same mode of action as other beta-lactam antibiotics (such as penicillins) but are less susceptible to penicillinases. Cephalosporins disrupt the synthesis of the peptidoglycan layer of bacterial cell walls. The peptidoglycan layer is important for cell wall structural integrity. The final transpeptidation step in the synthesis of the peptidoglycan is facilitated by transpeptidases known as penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs). PBPs bind to the D-Ala-D-Ala at the end of muropeptides (peptidoglycan precursors) to crosslink the peptidoglycan. Beta-lactam antibiotics mimic the D-Ala-D-Ala site, thereby competitively inhibiting PBP crosslinking of peptidoglycan.

Classification of Cephalosporins

Cephalosporins are grouped into “generations” based on their spectrum of antimicrobial activity. The first cephalosporins were designated first generation while later, more extended spectrum cephalosporins were classified as second generation cephalosporins. Each newer generation of cephalosporins has significantly greater gram-negative antimicrobial properties than the preceding generation, in most cases with decreased activity against gram-positive organisms. Fourth generation cephalosporins, however, have true broad spectrum activity.

The newer agents have much longer half-lives resulting in the decrease of dosing frequency.

First generation

First generation cephalosporins are moderate spectrum agents. They are effective alternatives for treating staphylococcal and streptococcal infections and therefore are alternatives for skin and soft-tissue infections, as well as for streptococcal pharyngitis.

The first generation cephalosporins are:

  • Cefadroxil
  • Cephalexin
  • CephaloridineRoxicefCEPHRADI
  • Cephalothin
  • Cephapirin
  • Cefazolin
  • Cephradine

Cefazolin is the most commonly used first generation cephalosporin. The other first generation cephalosporins have similar efficacy to Cephalexin, but must be dosed more often, and are therefore not as commonly prescribed.

Second generation

The second generation cephalosporins have a greater gram-negative spectrum while retaining some activity against gram-positive bacteria. They are also more resistant to beta-lactamase. They are useful agents for treating upper and lower respiratory tract infections, sinusitis and otitis media. These agents are also active against E. coli, Klebsiella and Proteus, which makes them potential alternatives for treating urinary tract infections caused by these organisms. Cefoxitin is a second generation cephalosporin with anaerobic activity, and although seldom used as a therapeutic agent, it may be useful for prophylaxis in gastrointestinal surgery.

The second generation cephalosporins are:

  • Cefaclor
  • Cefoxitin
  • Cefprozil
  • Cefuroxime

Third generation

Third generation cephalosporins have a broad spectrum of activity and further increased activity against gram-negative organisms. Some members of this group (particularly those available in an oral formulation) have decreased activity against gram-positive organisms. The parenteral third generation cephalosporins (ceftriaxone and cefotaxime) have excellent activity against most strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae, including the vast majority of those with intermediate and high level resistance to penicillin. These agents also have activity against N. gonorrhoeae. Ceftazidime has useful antipseudomonal activity.

The third generation cephalosporins are:

  • Cefdinir
  • Cefixime
  • Cefpodoxime
  • Ceftibuten
  • Ceftriaxone
  • Cefotaxime

Fourth generation

Fourth generation cephalosporins are extended spectrum agents with similar activity against gram-positive organisms as first generation cephalosporins. They also have a greater resistance to beta-lactamases than the third generation cephalosporins. Many can cross blood brain barrier and are effective in meningitis.

Cefepime has broad gram-negative coverage with somewhat enhanced activity against pseudomonas but slightly lesser activity against pneumococci. Cefpirome is more active against pneumococci and has somewhat lesser activity against pseudomonas. Cefepime and cefpirome are highly active against nosocomial pathogens such as Enterobacter and Acinetobacter and their use should therefore be restricted to the setting of nosocomial sepsis2.

The fourth generation cephalosporins are:

  • Cefepime
  • Cefluprenam
  • Cefozopran
  • Cefpirome
  • Cefquinome

Fifth generation cephalosporin:

The most latest generation of cephalosporin is fifth generation cephalosporin. The fifth generation cephalosporin’s are:

  • Ceftobiprole
  • ceftaroline
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IELTS Tips and IELTS Preparation

Tips and Techniques of IELTS

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IELTS: The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) is the world’s most popular English test for study and migration. Last year, over 2 million candidates took the IELTS test to start their journeys into education and employment.

For more information about IELTS visit the link:Details about IELTS

Preparation of IELTS:

IELTS have four sections : 

Reading section 

Writing section 

Listening section 

Speaking section 

Some tips about writing section : How you improve your writing score in IELTS Exam.



The Writing module of the IELTS consists of a 60 minute module with two tasks.

Task 1: A diagram or table will be presented to you and you must write out approximately a 150 word discussion on it within approximately 20 minutes. You must evaluate the diagram or table, organize your ideas, and develop them into a cohesive and coherent explanation.

Task 2: A topic will be presented to you and you must write out approximately a 250 word discussion on it within approximately 40 minutes. There is not a ‘correct’ answer to the topic. You must evaluate the topic, organize your ideas, and develop them into a cohesive and coherent response. You will be scored on how well you are able to utilize standard written English, organize and explain your thoughts, and support those thoughts with reasons and examples.

Spend the first three to five minutes brainstorming out ideas. Write down any ideas you might have on the topic or table. The purpose is to extract from the recesses of your memory any relevant information. In this stage, anything goes down. Write down any idea, regardless of how good it may initially seem. You can use either the scratch paper provided or the word processor to quickly jot down your thoughts and ideas. The word processor is highly recommended though, particularly if you are a fast typist.

Strength through Diversity
The best papers will contain diversity of examples and reasoning. As you brainstorm consider different perspectives. Not only are there two sides to every issue, but there are also countless perspectives that can be considered. On any issue, different groups are impacted, with many reaching the same conclusion or position, but through vastly different paths. Try to ‘see’ the issue through as many different eyes as you can. Look at it from every angle and from every vantage point. The more diverse the reasoning used, the more balanced the paper will become and the better the score.

The issue of free trade is not just two sided. It impacts politicians, domestic (US) manufacturers, foreign manufacturers, the US economy, the world economy, strategic alliances, retailers, wholesalers, consumers, unions, workers, and the exchange of more than just goods, but also of ideas, beliefs, and cultures. The more of these angles that you can approach the issue from, the more solid your reasoning and the stronger your position.

Furthermore, don’t just use information as to how the issue impacts other people. Draw liberally from your own experience and your own observations. Explain a personal experience that you have had and your own emotions from that moment. Anything that you’ve seen in your community or observed in society can be expanded upon to further round out your position on the issue.

Pick a Main Idea
Once you have finished with your creative flow, stop and review it. Which idea were you able to come up with the most supporting information? It’s extremely important that you pick an angle that will allow you to have a thorough and comprehensive coverage of the topic or table. This is not about your personal convictions, but about writing a concise rational discussion of an idea.

Weed the Garden
Every garden of ideas gets weeds in it. The ideas that you brainstormed over are going to be random pieces of information of mixed value. Go through it methodically and pick out the ones that are the best. The best ideas are strong points that it will be easy to write a few sentences or a paragraph about.

Create a Logical Flow
Now that you know which ideas you are going to use and focus upon, organize them. Put your writing points in a logical order. You have your main ideas that you will focus on, and must align them in a sequence that will flow in a smooth, sensible path from point to point, so that the reader will go smoothly from one idea to the next in a logical path. Readers must have a sense of continuity as they read your paper. You don’t want to have a paper that rambles back and forth.

Start Your Engines
You have a logical flow of main ideas with which to start writing. Begin expanding on the issues in the sequence that you have set for yourself. Pace yourself. Don’t spend too much time on any one of the ideas that you are expanding upon. You want to have time for all of them. Make sure you watch your time. If you have twenty minutes left to write out your ideas and you have ten ideas, then you can only use two minutes per idea. It can be a daunting task to cram a lot of information down in words in a short amount of time, but if you pace yourself, you can get through it all. If you find that you are falling behind, speed up. Move through each idea more quickly, spending less time to expand upon the idea in order to catch back up.

Once you finish expanding on each idea, go back to your brainstorming session up above, where you wrote out your ideas. Go ahead and erase the ideas as you write about them. This will let you see what you need to write about next, and also allow you to pace yourself and see what you have left to cover.

First Paragraph
Your first paragraph should have several easily identifiable features. First, it should have a quick description or paraphrasing of the topic or table. Use your own words to briefly explain what the topic or table is about.

Second, you should explain your opinion of the topic or table and give an explanation of why you feel that way. What is your decision or conclusion on the topic or table?

Third, you should list your ‘writing points’. What are the main ideas that you came up with earlier? This is your opportunity to outline the rest of your paper. Have a sentence explaining each idea that you will go intend further depth in additional paragraphs. If someone was to only read this paragraph, they should be able to get an ‘executive summary’ of the entire paper.

Body Paragraph
Each of your successive paragraphs should expand upon one of the points listed in the main paragraph. Use your personal experience and knowledge to support each of your points. Examples should back up everything.

Conclusion Paragraph
Once you have finished expanding upon each of your main points, wrap it up. Summarize what you have said and covered in a conclusion paragraph. Explain once more your opinion of the topic or table and quickly review why you feel that way. At this stage, you have already backed up your statements, so there is no need to do that again. All you are doing is refreshing in the mind of the reader the main points that you have made.

Don’t Panic
Panicking will not put down any more words on paper for you. Therefore, it isn’t helpful. When you first see the topic or table, if your mind goes as blank as the page on which you have to write your paper, take a deep breath. Force yourself to mechanically go through the steps listed above.

Secondly, don’t get clock fever. It’s easy to be overwhelmed when you’re looking at a page that doesn’t seem to have much text, there is a lot of blank space further down, your mind is full of random thoughts and feeling confused, and the clock is ticking down faster than you would like. You brainstormed first so that you don’t have to keep coming up with ideas. If you’re running out of time and you have a lot of ideas that you haven’t expanded upon, don’t be afraid to make some cuts. Start picking the best ideas that you have left and expand on those few. Don’t feel like you have to write down and expand all of your ideas.

Check Your Work
It is more important to have a shorter paper that is well written and well organized, than a longer paper that is poorly written and poorly organized. Remember though that you will be penalized for answers shorter than the required minimum limit. Don’t keep writing about a subject just to add words and sentences, and certainly don’t start repeating yourself. Expand on the ideas that you identified in the brainstorming session and make sure that you save yourself a few minutes at the end to go back and check your work.

Leave time at the end, at least three minutes, to go back and check over your work. Reread and make sure that everything you’ve written makes sense and flows. Clean up any spelling or grammar mistakes that you might have made. If you see anything that needs to be moved around, such as a paragraph that would fit in better somewhere else, cut and paste it to that new location. Also, go ahead and erase any brainstorming ideas that you weren’t able to expand upon and clean up any other extraneous information that you might have written that doesn’t fit into your paper.

As you proofread, make sure there aren’t any fragments or run-ons. Check for sentences that are too short or too long. If the sentence is too short, look to see if you have an identifiable subject and verb. If it is too long, break it up into two separate sentences. Watch out for any ‘big’ words you may have used. It’s good to use difficult vocabulary words, but only if you are positive that you are using them correctly. Your paper has to be correct, it doesn’t have to be fancy. You’re not trying to impress anyone with your vocabulary, just your ability to develop and express ideas.

Shortcut Keys
If you’re taking the IELTS on the computer, spend some time on your keyboard getting familiar with the shortcut keys to cut, copy, and paste. It will help you to quickly move text around on your paper. First highlight the text you wish to move or copy and then type:
Ctrl+C = copy
Ctrl+X = cut
Ctrl+V = paste
You must hold down the ctrl key and then tap the ‘c’, ‘x’, or ‘v’ key to perform the desired function.

Final Note
Depending on your test taking preferences and personality, the essay writing will probably be your hardest or your easiest section. You are required to go through the entire process of writing a paper very quickly, which can be quite a challenge.

Focus upon each of the steps listed above. Go through the process of creative flow first, generating ideas and thoughts about the topic or table. Then organize those ideas into a smooth logical flow. Pick out the ones that are best from the list you have created. Decide which main idea or angle of the topic or table you will discuss.

Create a recognizable structure in your paper, with an introductory paragraph explaining what you have decided upon, and what your main points will be. Use the body paragraphs to expand on those main points and have a conclusion that wraps up the topic or table.

Save a few moments to go back and review what you have written. Clean up any minor mistakes that you might have had and give it those last few critical touches that can make a huge difference. Finally, be proud and confident of what you have written!

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How to make Tris Buffer solution?

Tris Buffer

TRIS or THAM is the abbreviation for the organic compound tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane, a compound widely used in biochemistry to prepare buffer solutions.

Tris has a pKa of 8.1 so Tris buffer is made at pH 7 to pH 9. You can prepare this buffer at any concentration and any volume and use it to prevent large swings in the pH of a solution.

Tris Buffer Materials:

  • TRIS powder
  • hydrochloric acid
  • distilled water
  • pH meter
  • glassware

How to Prepare Tris Buffer

  1. You need to determine what concentration (molarity) and volume of Tris buffer you want to make. Once you have decided what you are making, calculate the number of moles of Tris that are required by multiplying the molar concentration of buffer by the volume of buffer being made.

moles of Tris = mol/L x L

  1. Next, determine how many grams of Tris this is by multiplying the number of moles by the molecular weight of Tris(121.14 g/mol).

grams of Tris = (moles) x (121.14 g/mol)

  1. Dissolve the Tris into distilled deionized water, 1/3-1/2 of your desired final volume.
  2. Mix in HCl (e.g., 1M HCl) until the pH meter gives you the desired pH for your Tris buffer solution.
  3. Dilute the buffer with water to reach the desired final volume of solution.
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Puzzle for BCS,GRE,GMAT,DU

Puzzle for BCS,GRE,GMAT,DU

Puzzle no 03:


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Is Pharmacy a Knowledge Based Profession Or Study?

Pharmacy Is a Knowledge Based Profession Or Study

Jamous and Peloille used the term indefiniteness/technicality (I/T) magnitude relation wherever indeterminacy needs judgment and point alludes to an additional recursive approach.

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Destroy programme control14 for instance, a minister of faith could have a high I/T magnitude relation as a result of he uses plenty of indeterminate data that’s for the foremost half inaccessible to the final public, however uses very little technical data. Conversely, the chemist is also seen as having a high technical data with very little indeterminate data, giving pharmacists a far lower I/T magnitude relation. If the indeterminate data of pharmacists is looked as if it would be low, then from a public perspective, their expected input is marginal. Conversely, if pharmacists will apply their technical data to individual unpredictable human things in distinctive ways in which profit the patients, their I/T magnitude relation is raised and therefore the profession moves additional aloof from the McDonaldisation theory.

In their discourse exploring changes within the mode of data production in modern society, Gibbons et al distinguish between Modes one data, generated inside a disciplinary, primarily psychological feature context, and Mode a pair of data created inside a broader, Trans-disciplinary social and economic context.

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Destroy programme control15 This work acknowledges the issues related to describing the new production of data (Mode 2) in terms of the recent, and therefore the issues related to the employment of language to explain what’s happening within the production of data. It’s helpful to appear at the attributes of Mode a pair of data and apply this framework to the pharmacy profession and the way the chemist could contribute to the assembly of data.

To look at the manner that data is employed in follow, it’s helpful to appear additional closely at the speculation of data production. Nowotny, Scott, associate degreed Gibbons developed their theory of data production in “Re-thinking Science: data and therefore the Public in an Age of Uncertainty.”

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Destroy programme control16 this work appearance at the dynamic relationship between science and society and therefore the would like for constant two-way communication instead of unidirectional traffic between the two camps. This notion follows on from the excellence of Mode a pair of data production and focuses additional on the necessity for a forum and a framework for rethinking science. This space is very useful once considering the question of pharmacy and its claim of being a knowledge-based profession. Knowledge domain, whereas at the core of the education of a chemist, generally may be viewed as somehow less relevant than the clinical patient-centered follow element of the information. Like all skilled degree programs, pharmacy education is consistently evolving within the lightweight of recent follow developments. In recent years, the collegian information in some colleges of pharmacy has lost a number of the scientific content to accommodate additional clinical follow and scientific discipline teaching. This will cause each conflict and a man-made demarcation between ancient pharmaceutical science and pharmacy follow. The best information integrates pharmaceutical science and clinical follow and encourages dialogue and a probe for commonality between the disciplines. The argument inside “Re-thinking Science” is that there should be cross border links between science and society and therefore the construction of an accord between these a pair of areas. This can be significantly relevant within the development of pharmacy education.

Pharmacists UN agency have emotional aloof from the tasks of filling prescriptions by enlarged use of technicians are additional possible to exercise and develop their indeterminate data. For instance, once a hospital clinical chemist appearance at a selected therapeutic downside encompassing the administration of medication to a patient UN agency is unable to swallow, the chemist can get to draw on expertise and intuition that are on the far side the scope of the printed content. Similarly, associate degree industrial chemist operating in analysis can draw on indeterminate data in his approach to empirical issues. This means that the event of pharmacy as a profession can rely additional on the chemist “knowing how” as hostile “knowing what.”

Scribner describes the employment of “skilled sensible thinking” as thinking that’s embedded within the larger purposive activities of existence that involves very little formal data.

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Destroy programme control17 clearly, the data and skills utilized in this sort of thinking are developed and learned through expertise. One characteristic of this sort of thinking is that it’s versatile associate degree in distinction to mistreatment a recursive, mechanical procedure to unravel a haul. Formal data that’s combined with this sort of thinking may be a powerful and distinctive tool for downside finding. Once observing the difficulty of however pharmacists use their data in follow, it’s vital to outline examples wherever pharmacists use sure-handed sensible thinking. A typical state of affairs is that the manner that a chemist could use “common sense” methods to enhance patient compliance. for instance, formal data of respiratory disorder is of very little use once the presenting patient has inflammatory disease associate degreed is unable to govern her inhalator device while not an acceptable sensible compliance aid. The employment of apparently straightforward methods once connected with formal data may be a potent force for up patient care.

Skilled sensible thinking assumes several of the various varieties of data already mentioned and implies a foundation of formal pharmaceutical data as hostile pharmaceutical data. This sort of thinking additionally suggests that there’s a big quantity of indeterminate inexplicit data. a big issue ensuing from the question “Is pharmacy a data-based profession?” is the way to unlock focal and inexplicit knowledge. If there’s general underuse of data inside the pharmacy profession, then the standing of the profession can stay in question. Several of the tasks and functions performed by the chemist are being replaced by alternative personnel or automation. The question of pharmacy being a knowledge-based profession is very important in an exceedingly work setting wherever pharmacists seem overqualified for what they are doing in everyday follow. Subsequent section examines however data may be created to figure in follow.

Other Pharma Related posts:

1. Pharma news Bangladesh help for the student of pharmacy student.

2. Pharma Jobs Bangladesh.

3.Jobs In Bangladesh.

4.Bangladeshi Newspaper

5.Latest Cricket Score news

Read all the post.It is very much informative.if this post help you a little bit please comment or send suggestion to us for better post and progress.thanks.


To make data add follow there ar a pair of areas that require to be considered:

the method of conveyance {of data of information} and the way skilled knowledge will profit the tip user of a dedicative product.
The world of data production and the way this vital activity relates to the active skilled.

One of the criticisms leveled at the data of knowledgeable is that it’s thus deeply embedded inside the individual and culture of the profession that it’s terribly tough to convey. For pharmacists, with their in depth coaching, governments can more and more raise the question: “How will this formal knowledge domain be accustomed profit the health of the nation?” Clearly, pharmacists have a responsibility to use their data each in communication with alternative health care professionals and directly with members of the general public.

An important characteristic of the new production of data mentioned earlier is that it’s inside the context of application. This notion supports the worth of analysis inside a follow setting by the knowledgeable professional person. Once a professional person makes the move to a standard tutorial setting the “cutting edge” of her follow skills are somehow dissipated and that they are not any longer inside the context of application. This can be a big challenge faced by the chemist that aims to bring follow skills into a non-clinical setting. The increasing demand for pharmacy follow analysis and evidence-based drugs for best follow suggests a transparent role for the chemist within the production of data. Another attribute of this sort of data is that it’s on the far side the scope of one discipline and incorporates a distinct however evolving framework. In essence, the data is dynamic and may be delineated as “problem-solving capability on the move.”

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Destroy programme control15 inside the health care sector, there’s associate degree enlarged stress on multidisciplinary operating and this can be mirrored within the increasing quantity of interprofessional education inside the pharmacy information. The assembly of helpful pharmacy data cannot be conducted in isolation, however needs the input of many stakeholders and transcends the contribution of one profession. Probably, the best contribution of any clinical chemist is achieving optimum medication management. This approach involves adopting a problem-solving vogue to individual cases and mobilizing each health and social care agencies. The method of operating with alternative professionals could end in the emergence of recent operating data.

Heterogeneity and structure diversity are alternative options of this new data production. Totally different sites of learning got to be established with sturdy networks of communication inside a community of follow. The new data production needs the participants to be additional reflexive and socially responsible. Wherever the most focus of labor is drugs as a social object, it becomes more and more vital for the chemist to take care of sturdy links with the scientist and therefore the wider considerations of the general public. The chemist as a follow man of science inside a multidisciplinary team fits well into this framework of production of data.

In terms of data production, the chemist is ideally positioned to interact in an exceedingly operating dialogue between science and society. Associate degree example is that the pharmacist’s contribution to public health. This public health role highlights the chemist as a producer and assistant of health education within the community and may be a role that stems directly from a knowledge-based profession.

Other related post for research of pharmacy and medical student:

ü  How To select A Good Research Paper Topic

ü  Factors to consider in selecting a journal for publication

ü  Respiratory Tract Infection

ü  Cephalosporin and Generation of Cephalosporin

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List of Pharmaceutical Companies and Top Pharmaceutical Companies of Bangladesh 2013

List of Company In the world click the link …

List of pharmaceuticals Company In the world

Top Pharmaceutical Company of Bangladesh: 2014

Health product for good health ..

Jarrow Formulas Milk Thistle Standardized Silymarin Extract 30:1 Ratio, 150 mg per Capsule, 200 Gelatin Capsules

 Serial  Name of Pharma Tk (Crore) Share Growth %
Rank Total Market 7,186 100.00 24.30
1 SQUARE 1,378 19.18 23.54
2 INCEPTA PHARMA 650 9.05 32.17
3 BEXIMCO 620 8.62 40.33
4 OPSONIN PHARMA 355 4.94 26.09
5 ESKAYEF 348 4.84 24.82
6 RENATA 340 4.73 29.63
7 ACME 319 4.44 17.34
8 A.C.I. 293 4.08 18.81
9 ARISTOPHARMA 286 3.99 21.63
10 DRUG INTERNATIONAL 270 3.75 18.18
11 SANOFI AVENTIS 185 2.57 8.77
12 GLAXOSMITHKLINE 140 1.95 10.84
13 ORION PHARMA LTD. 140 1.94 31.47
14 NOVO NORDISK 128 1.79 27.72
15 HEALTHCARE PHARMA 126 1.75 33.20
16 GENERAL 117 1.63 19.25
17 SANDOZ 109 1.51 12.25
18 POPULAR PHARMA 94 1.31 54.53
19 NOVARTIS 94 1.30 46.01
20 IBN SINA 93 1.29 19.49
21 NUVISTA PHARMA 83 1.16 37.93
22 UNIMED &UNIHEALTH 68 0.94 22.80
23 SUN PHARMA 60 0.84 54.63
24 GLOBE 57 0.80 24.72
25 BIO PHARMA 56 0.78 21.07
26 ROCHE 50 0.70 42.24
27 RADIANT PHARMA 41 0.57 71.73
28 PACIFIC 41 0.57 18.46
29 JAYSON 38 0.52 10.97
30 BEACON PHARMA 37 0.52 18.11
31 SMC 33 0.46 -1.25
32 ORION INFUSION 32 0.45 12.26
33 OPSO SALINE 30 0.42 1.85
34 KEMIKO PHARMA LTD. 29 0.41 4.68
35 NAVANA 29 0.40 -1.94
36 DELTA PHARMA 27 0.38 53.11
37 SERVIER 27 0.37 23.61
38 SOMATEC 23 0.33 4.37
39 RANGS PHARMA 22 0.31 -3.85
40 LIBRA 21 0.30 -4.70
41 ALCO PHARMA 21 0.29 5.44
42 APEX PHARMA 20 0.28 38.84
43 PHARMADESH 19 0.26 80.09
44 SILVA PHARMA 14 0.19 -1.21
45 MEDIMPEX 12 0.17 -50.53
46 EDRUC 11 0.15 -19.17
47 ZISKA 10 0.15 -0.71
48 WHITE HORSE PHARMA 10 0.14 81.65
49 RAK PHARMA LTD. 8 0.12 441.79
50 ASIATIC 8 0.12 65.29

To know the Address of the Pharmaceutical Company in Bangladesh visit the link.

Office Address pharma of Bangladesh

Other Pharma Related posts:

1. Pharma news Bangladesh help for the student of pharmacy student.

2. Pharma Jobs Bangladesh.

3.Jobs In Bangladesh.

4.Bangladeshi Newspaper

5.Latest Cricket Score news

Read all the post.It is very much informative.if this post help you a little bit please comment or send suggestion to us for better post and progress.thanks.

Square Pharmaceuticals, Incepta Pharmaceuticals, Beximco Pharmaceuticals, Opsonin Pharma, Renata, Eskayef Bangladesh, ACI, Acme Pharmaceutical, Aristopharma, Drug International, Sanofi-Aventis Bangladesh Ltd, GlaxoSmithKline(GSK) Bangladesh Limited, Orion Pharma Ltd, Novo Nordisk, Healthcare Pharmaceuticals Limited, General Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Sandoz (generic pharmaceuticals division of Novartis), Popular Pharmaceuticals Ltd. (PPL), Novartis (Bangladesh) Limited, IBN SINA Pharmaceutical Industry Ltd. (IPI), Nuvista Pharma Limited, UniMed UniHealth Pharma Ltd, Sun Pharmaceutical (Bangladesh) Ltd, Globe Pharmaceuticals Ltd, BIOPHARMA Ltd, Roche Bangladesh Ltd, Radiant Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Pacific Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Jayson Pharmaceuticals Ltd, BEACON Pharmaceutical Limited, Social Marketing Company (SMC), Orion Infusion Ltd, Opso Saline Ltd, Kemiko Pharmaceuticals Ltd, NAVANA Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Delta Pharma Ltd, Servier Bangladesh, SOMATEC Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Rangs Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Libra Pharmaceuticals Ltd, ALCO Pharma Ltd, Apex Pharma Ltd, Pharmadesh Laboratories Ltd, Silva Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Medimpex Bangladesh, Edruc Limited, Ziska Pharmaceuticals Ltd, White Horse Pharmaceuticals, RAK Pharmaceuticals Pvt. Ltd, Asiatic Laboratories Ltd.
Other related post for research of pharmacy and medical student:

ü  How To select A Good Research Paper Topic

ü  Factors to consider in selecting a journal for publication

ü  Respiratory Tract Infection

ü  Cephalosporin and Generation of Cephalosporin

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Method of protein isolation and purification

Method of protein isolation and purification:

A protein must be purified before its structure and the mechanism of its action can be studied. However, because proteins vary in size, charge, and water soluble, no single method can be used to isolate all proteins. To isolate one particular protein from the estimated 10,000 different proteins in a cell is a daunting task that requires methods both for separating proteins and for detecting the presence of specific proteins.To be able to isolate a specific protein from a crude mixture the physical and/or chemical

properties of the individual protein must be utilized. There is no single or simple way topurify all kinds of proteins. Procedures and conditions used in the purification process of one protein may result in the inactivation of another.The final goal also has to be considered when choosing purification method. The purity required depends on the purpose for which the protein is needed. For an enzyme that is to be used in a washing powder, a relatively impure sample is sufficient, provided it does not contain any inhibiting activities. However, if the protein is aimed for therapeutic use it must be extremely pure and purification must then be done in several subsequent steps.


Depending on the source, the protein has to be brought into solution by breaking the tissue or cells containing it. There are several methods to achieve this: Repeated freezing and thawing, sonication, homogenization by high pressure, filtration, or permeabilization by organic solvents. The method of choice depends on how fragile the protein is and how sturdy the cells are. After this extraction process soluble proteins will be in the solvent, and can be separated from cell membranes, DNA etc. by centrifugation. The extraction process also extracts proteases, which will start digesting the proteins in the solution.

Precipitation and differential solubilization:

In bulk protein purification, a common first step to isolate proteins is precipitation with ammonium sulfate (NH4)2SO4. This is performed by adding increasing amounts of ammonium sulfate and collecting the different fractions of precipitate protein. Ammonium sulphate can be removed by dialysis.The hydrophobic groups on the proteins gets exposed to the atmosphere and it attracts other protein hydrophobic groups and gets aggregated

The first proteins to be purified are water-soluble proteins. Purification of integral membrane proteins requires disruption of the cell membrane in order to isolate any one particular protein from others that are in the same membrane compartment. Sometimes a particular membrane fraction can be isolated first, such as isolating mitochondria from cells before purifying a protein located in a mitochondrial membrane. A detergent such as sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) can be used to dissolve cell membranes and keep membrane proteins in solution during purification; however, because SDS causes denaturation, milder detergents such as Triton X-100 or CHAPS can be used to retain the protein’s native conformation during complete purification.


Centrifugation is a process that uses centrifugal force to separate mixtures of particles of varying masses or densities suspended in a liquid. When a vessel (typically a tube or bottle) containing a mixture of proteins or other particulate matter, such as bacterial cells, is rotated at high speeds, the angular momentum yields an outward force to each particle that is proportional to its mass. The tendency of a given particle to move through the liquid because of this force is offset by the resistance the liquid exerts on the particle. The net effect of “spinning” the sample in a centrifuge is that massive, small, and dense particles move outward faster than less massive particles or particles with more “drag” in the liquid. When suspensions of particles are “spun” in a centrifuge, a “pellet” may form at the bottom of the vessel that is enriched for the most massive particles with low drag in the liquid. Non-compacted particles still remaining mostly in the liquid are called the “supernatant” and can be removed from the vessel to separate the supernatant from the pellet..

Chromatographic methods:


Chromatographic equipment. Here set up for a size exclusion chromatography. The buffer is pumped through the column (right) by a computer controlled device.

Usually a protein purification protocol contains one or more chromatographic steps. The basic procedure in chromatography is to flow the solution containing the protein through a column packed with various materials. Different proteins interact differently with the column material, and can thus be separated by the time required to pass the column, or the conditions required to elute the protein from the column. Usually proteins are detected as they are coming off the column by their absorbance at 280 nm.

Many different chromatographic methods exist:

1.Size exclusion chromatography

2.Ion exchange chromatography                                    

3.Immunoaffinity chromatography


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Ideal characteristics of protein

  1. Contains primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure

  2.  Contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen

  3. Composed of amino acids that are linked together by peptide bonds

  4.  Act as catalysts, enzymes that speed up the rate of chemical reactions

  5. Provides structural support for cells

  6.  Transports substances across cell membranes

  7.  Provides a defense mechanism against pathogens (antibodies)

  8.  Responds to chemical stimuli

  9. Secretes hormones

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The Differences between viral pneumonia and bacterial pneumonia

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How To Choose A Good Medical Research Paper Topic

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Pictures of Computer

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Computer Basic Learning

Quick Computer Tips for new computer users

Enlarge Text on screen:

Press CTRL and + on your keyboard to enlarge the image. Text while using Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, or Firefox. Press CTRL and – to reduce the size again.

Sometimes when you click on a link in another tab or it may be open in another window. Most people keep clicking on a link, because they think that it is not open. When browsing the Internet and you click on a link, it is not always open in the same window.
The first step in Computer Basics

You the difference between hardware and software, and computer languages ​​to learn some common phrases.

Terms and Conditions of computers the computer screen is set up like a dictionary. The list of the most common computer terminology that you need to know when learning computer basics. Page 59 Your computer’s dictionary for free download there.

Computer Terms and Their Meanings Here are some extracts from the General Conditions of computers that will help you learn about your computer.

Computer Basics Tips – What is software?

In 1958, the term “software was first used by John Turkey. The PC software includes a digital language that contains binary values ​​and specific instructions to direct the computer’s processor. In simple words, software is what makes the computer usable.

Using a computer mouse, a beginner’s guide on how to use a computer mouse. You click it on the left and right click, double click, and say so. It can be a little confusing when you are trying to follow the instructions and do not know the basics of using a computer mouse. It is hard when it is not clearly explained.

Help Google Search Google Search has become one of the tasks you need to know the basics of computers has become. You can get anything you want if you know how to search the Internet to find it.

Computer Basics – What is ?

How and where the folder or directory on my computer? If you can fill a large cabinet with folders that you can imagine, all the parts of the name, the content is stored in them. In the real world on a filing cabinet folder that holds papers filed with the department. This is on a PC.

What are file extensions?

File extension is basically to let you know what type of information is contained in a special file. For example, a note pad file extension txt.

You need to install a program on your computer is nothing more annoying than receiving a file that you can open and view. This is why you always have the basic programs installed.

What files are safe to delete?

Many computer users want to clean up the files from your computer but do not know what files to delete. So to avoid deleting the wrong files, the computer is simply left alone to store more files.

What is MP3 and WMA files from?

MP3 audio files that have been compressed to a smaller size. For example, a normal music CD with about 20 songs in a CD filled with MP3 tracks can be 150-200.

CD-R, CD-RW, DVD-R, DVD + R, or DVD-RW drive, we are not going to get too technical as it is all just too confusing. The point is that we just need to know what is right for our needs.

What is the difference between JPEG, GIF, PNG Sometimes it can be confusing when dealing format video files downloaded. What image or graphics file format to use?

Its all too technical for me, so I tried to explain to me the difference between all of them in an easy way.

What are drivers and why do I need to install on my computer?

Many people are unaware of is that you actually need the device drivers for your computer running smoothly. It includes drivers for the display, network, audio, and chipset drivers. Any device that has a driver for it on your computer.

Computer memory or random access memory (RAM), without getting too technical, here’s what the computer memory for temporary data storage for easy access to the computer. Hard disk storage is permanent. So when you open a program it into RAM (random access memory) loaded and stored there while you use it.

Most people think of a computer hard drive, a hard drive of your computer as they see it, and others think that it is something hard and solid computer. It is basically a storage device into your computer, and yes, it’s hard.

What is an external hard drive and why do I need one?

An external hard drive is the ultimate backup, computer repair and maintenance. Remember how much it depends on how big the hard drive in an external case.
Computer Basics – FAQs

What operating system do?

Can I copy files in 32-bit and 64-bit version to download, depending on which one is right for my OS.

How to shut down your computer This is a simple tutorial on how to shut down a Windows PC. Windows XP to Windows 8.

How to cut, copy, and paste text or images, to know how to cut, copy, and paste text or images can be very useful for everyday computer use. I have at least a hundred times a day using this simple tool. You can cut, copy, and paste text, images, HTML, email, and more.

Video tutorial on how to cut, copy, and paste text or images when you learn to cut, copy, and paste text or images of text or an image you’ll be able to move from one place to another. You will also be able to copy text and images from the internet to save on your computer.

If you let inexperienced users, which is usually what happens on your PC. If you are a new user, do not worry about accidentally moving the task bar because everyone at one time or another.

Computer FAQ – whats the difference between disk and disc?

How annoying is it when you have two words that sound the same, are spelled slightly differently, but it can also sometimes mean the same thing.

Windows key shortcuts shortcuts on your keyboard that you can push things happen. Sometimes you may have to press a key on the keyboard, but usually it will be a combination of keys together.

What is my CPU speed?

Speed ​​of your CPU, also known as the speed of your computer processor determines how fast everything is happening on your computer. If your processor speed is slow, no can do about it (although we have some of the options discussed later). If your processor speed is fast, then you play the latest games and enjoy more productive than their peers.

Computer Basics training may seem hard for some people to understand. It is not hard to learn computer basics and everyone to start from scratch. Do not worry if you do not know how to do something on the computer as the information is all available on this website.


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S.S.C & H.S.C Exam Result 2013 Bangladesh

SSC/HSC/Dakhil/Equivalent Result Publication 2013

Intermediate and Secondary Education Boards Result Bangladesh.

S.S.C Result


H.S.C Result


Dakhil Result

Click the above links to get  S.S.C & H.S.C Result 2013.

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