Antibiotics resistance are an alarming news for all over the world in recent years.You easily get information about pharmacy by searching this site WWW general knowledge com.
What is antimicrobial resistance?
Antimicrobial resistance (AM R) is resistance of a microorganism to an antimicrobial medicine to which it was previously sensitive. Resistant organisms (they include bacteria, viruses and some parasites) are able to withstand attack by antimicrobial medicines, such as antibiotics, antivirals, and antimalarial, so that standard treatments become ineffective and infections persist and may spread to others. AM R is a consequence of the use, particularly the misuse, of antimicrobial medicines and develops when a microorganism mutates or acquires a resistance gene.
Why is antimicrobial resistance a global concern?
AM r kills
Infections caused by resistant microorganisms often fail to respond to the standard treatment, resulting in prolonged illness and greater risk of death.
AM R hampers the control of infectious diseases
AM R reduces the effectiveness of treatment because patients remain infectious for longer, thus potentially spreading resistant microorganisms to others.
AM R threatens a return to the antibiotic era
Many infectious diseases risk becoming uncontrollable and could derail the progress made towards reaching the targets of the health-related United Nations Millennium Development Goals set for 2015.
AM R increases the costs of health care
When infections become resistant to first-line medicines, more expensive therapies must be used. The longer duration of illness and treatment, often in hospitals, increases health-care costs and the financial burden to families and societies.
AM R jeopardizes health-care gains to society
The achievements of modern medicine are put at risk by AM R. Without effective antimicrobial for care and prevention of infections, the success of treatments such as organ transplantation, cancer chemotherapy and major surgery would be compromised.
AM R threatens health security, and damages trade and economies
The growth of global trade and travel allows resistant microorganisms to be spread rapidly to distant countries and continents.